Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2018, Page: 64-71
Grassroots Developmental Imprints Through Electrical Energy Production and Distribution in Kururu, Cameroon
Tende Renz Tichafogwe, Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts, Letters and Social Sciences, the University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
Ndzie Souga Clotaire, Department of Geography, Higher Teachers’ Training College, the University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
Woregwe Emmerencia Edam, Department of Geography, Higher Teachers’ Training College, the University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon
Received: Jul. 15, 2018;       Accepted: Aug. 1, 2018;       Published: Aug. 29, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.larp.20180303.11      View  376      Downloads  24
Abstract
Significant quantities of Energy Resources in Sub-Saharan Africa are still unexploited due to derisory technological savoir faire and funding. Close to 75% of Cameroon's electric power is obtained from hydropower schemes while the rest comes from other renewable energy sources. Despite these vast energy potentials, access to, and distribution of, electrical energy is a herculean task, especially in rural areas. Faced with acute electricity shortages and unreliable supply, the people of the Kururu village have sought for a means to produce and distribute local electrical energy. This article x-rays the strategies put in place by the local community to salvage their inadequate electricity supply. The paper advocates that local communities can synergize to develop their areas. Data collection in the Kururu village was done through the administration of questionnaires, field observation and focus group discussions. Also, 483 inhabitants of the Kururu village representing a 20% sample were questioned. A total of 53 households were administered questionnaires from the 265 households which make up the entire population. Results from findings revealed that a 9m2 surface area and 1.7m deep dam was constructed to generate some 25 to 30KW of electricity. This enabled six out of eight neighbourhoods of the Kururu village to be electrified through two distribution centres. Some 67% of funds for the electricity project were supplied by the ADEID non-governmental organization, 22% from the local community and 11% from the village development associations. The presence of electricity has led to the establishment of businesses which have enhanced socio-economic development in the area. Accessibility to electricity has also upgraded the learning process in the area and abridged the rate of rural exodus. This paper endorses that four additional electricity distribution centres be created, in order to reduce the shortages of electricity and ensure a steady supply in all the quarters of Kururu.
Keywords
Grassroots, Electrical Energy, Local Community Initiative, Electricity Distribution, Kururu Village
To cite this article
Tende Renz Tichafogwe, Ndzie Souga Clotaire, Woregwe Emmerencia Edam, Grassroots Developmental Imprints Through Electrical Energy Production and Distribution in Kururu, Cameroon, Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2018, pp. 64-71. doi: 10.11648/j.larp.20180303.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Energy Literacy. (2012). Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts for Energy Education U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Ave SW Washington DC, 20585, 202-586-5000. Article at http://www.eere.enrgy.gov/education/energy-literacy.html, accessed November 2017.
[2]
Bobbo Tansi, N. (2014). Assessment of Cameroon’s Renewable Energy Resource Potential and Prospects for a Sustainable Energy Development. Branding, University of Technology Cottbus, 98p.
[3]
Lighting Africa. (2012). “Lighting Africa Policy Report Note-Cameroon”, 2012, IFC and WB, 114p.
[4]
Asa Nvernyuy, W and Saah Ndifon. (2015). Renewable Energy Potentials in Cameroon, Prospects and Challenges, Edition Cle, 207p.
[5]
BUCREP. (2010), “National Population and Housing Census of Cameroon of 1976, 1987, 2005”, Cameroon Census Office, Cameroon, December 2005 and 2010 Projections, 567p.
[6]
Fonchingong Charles and Fonjweng Lordsman. (2010). The concept of Self-reliance in Community Development Initiative in the Cameroon Grassfields. Nordic Journal of African Studies, 12 (2): 196-219, The University of Buea, 16p.
[7]
World Energy Outlook. (2014). Africa Energy Outlook: A Focus on Energy Prospects in Sub-Saharan Africa, Paris, France, 283p.
[8]
Arthouros Zervos. (2016). Renewable Energy Potentials Network for the 21st Century, 251p.
[9]
International Energy Agency (IEA). (2002). Harnessing Energy Resources for Sustainable Development in Africa p 36: IRENA Analysis Based on IEA: World Energy Outlook 2012; UN: World Population Prospects 2010 Revision.
[10]
EUEI-PDF and ARSEL. (2013). “Development of a National Energy Efficiency Policy, Strategy and Action Plan in Cameroon – Inception Report”, 2013, 209p.
Browse journals by subject