Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

The Expansion of Informal Settlements in Industrializing Cities in Ethiopia: The Case of Hawassa

Peri urban areas provide the opportunity to low income population to own land through informal land transaction. Though informal land transaction is practiced at all the Peripheries even before the development of the Hawassa Industrial Park, the study found out that there is a significant migration of people to the city in search of job opportunity at the Hawassa Industrial Park. As a result peripheries have become home for thousands of laborers that work at Hawassa Industrial Park since they provide affordable rental rooms. This article analyses the expansion of informal settlements due to industrialization (development of industrial parks). Both primary and secondary data sources were used. Literature reviews, key informants, interviews of Hawassa Industrial Park workers, room renters and questionnaire survey of knowledgeable persons are among the main data collection instruments used in the research. The findings of the study indicated that informal land transaction was a common practice on the peripheries of the city of Hawassa, but the emergence of the Hawassa Industrial Park has greatly intensified and diversified the practice at the peripheries close to the Hawassa Industrial Park. The paper concludes by recommending proactive measures needed to boost supply of land for housing through formal mechanisms.

Industrial Park, Hawassa Industrial Park, Informal Settlement, Peri-Urban Area

APA Style

Enanu Girma Melka, Wubshet Berhanu. (2023). The Expansion of Informal Settlements in Industrializing Cities in Ethiopia: The Case of Hawassa. Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning, 8(3), 64-76.

ACS Style

Enanu Girma Melka; Wubshet Berhanu. The Expansion of Informal Settlements in Industrializing Cities in Ethiopia: The Case of Hawassa. Landsc. Archit. Reg. Plan. 2023, 8(3), 64-76. doi: 10.11648/j.larp.20230803.13

AMA Style

Enanu Girma Melka, Wubshet Berhanu. The Expansion of Informal Settlements in Industrializing Cities in Ethiopia: The Case of Hawassa. Landsc Archit Reg Plan. 2023;8(3):64-76. doi: 10.11648/j.larp.20230803.13

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Achamyeleh Gashu Adam (2013). Peri-Urban Land Tenure in Ethiopia, PhD Dissertation, Stockholm.
2. Bonde-Henriksen, Nils. (1982), Industrial park development: An overview and case study of Myles Standish. University of Rhode Island.
3. Castro, C. P., Ibarra, I., Lukas, M., Ortiz, J., & Sarmiento, J. P. (2015). Disaster risk construction in the progressive consolidation of informal settlements: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction.
4. Daniel Lirebo (2006) Department of Architecture and urban planning Postgraduate program Addis Ababa University,’ Informal settlements in Addis Ababa’.
5. Daniel Weldegebriel Ambaye, (18-22 May 2011), Informal Settlement in Ethiopia, the Case of two Kebeles in Bahir Dar City, Marrakech, Morocco,
6. Eshetayehu Kinfu, Henning Bombeck, Agizew Nigussie and Fisseha Wegayehu (2019); Journal of Land and Rural Studies: The Genesis of Peri-urban Ethiopia: The Case of Hawassa City.
7. Louise Guibrunet, Vanesa Castán Broto (2018), the sustainability of the informal city: An urban metabolism approach, Institute for Sustainable Resources, University College London, and Development Planning Unit.
8. Merriam, S. B. (1988). Case study research in education: A qualitative approach. Jossey-Bass.
9. Nouri A. Elfarnouk (2015) Squatter Settlements in Tripoli, Libya: Assessing, Monitoring, and Analyzing the Incidence and Prevalence of Urban Squatter Areas in the Peri-Urban Fringe.
10. Roy, A. and AlSayyad, N. (2004). Urban Informality: Transnational Perspectives from the Middle East, Latin America, andSouth Asia.
11. Roy, A. (2005). Urban Informality: Toward an Epistemology of Planning. Journal of the American Planning Association.
12. Seth asare okayere and Michihiro kita, (2015) rethinking urban informality and informal settlements growth in urban Africa: a literature discussion, japan.
13. Stylianos Athanassiou (1974) urbanization and industrial development in Latin American countries.
14. Synthesis report; (2019) Access to shelter and services for low- income groups: lessons from Hawassa, Mogadishu and Nairobi on the politics of informal settlements and shelter access synthesis report.
15. Shaarkass, M. (n. d). Industrialization in developing countries. IFAC proceedings volumes.
16. The Federal democratic republic of Ethiopia (2015), Industrial park proclamation. Addis Ababa: Federal Negarit Gazette.
17. UN-Habitat. State of African Cities (2010), Governance, Inequalities and Urban Land Markets | UN-Habitat.
18. UN-Habitat (2003), the challenge of slums. Global report on human settlements. Earth scan, London.
19. UN-Habitat. (2016). World Cities Report 2016: Urbanization and Development - Emerging Futures. New York.
20. UNIDO (2018), Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development Working Paper Series WP 21, industrial park development in Ethiopia case study report.
21. Vicente Sandoval, Gabriela Hoberman, and Meenakshi Jerath (2019) Urban Informality: Global and Regional Trends, Extreme Events Institute, Florida International University.
22. Work and Industrialization, Advancing decent work and inclusive industrialization in Ethiopia. International labor organization.
23. World Bank (1985). ‘Ethiopia: Industrial Sector Review. Report No. 5301-ET’. Washington, DC: World Bank.