Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Basque House in Araucanía-Chile: A Reflection from the Importation and Development of Its Regionalist Architecture

The study of the Basque House, which was commissioned for construction by Basque-French settlers in the year 1930 in the town of Nehuentúe, Chile, allows us to delve into the value that the residential architectural heritage of Basque settlers brings to the rural area of the La Araucanía region, which was heavily populated by groups of European settlers since the second half of the 19th century. This house features a replica of the neo-Basque style from the French region of the Atlantic Pyrenees, from where rationalist architecture and symbolism in its forms and decorative elements were imported. On the facades of the Basque House in Nehuentúe, we observe a generous number of openings with square windows that are arranged under the asymmetry of the roof, geometric shapes that try to lighten the weight of this large compact volume. Simple construction bodies, organized according to the functionality of natural light and sun exposure of the rooms. Decorative elements that evoke the facades of the farmhouse stand out, overhangs and frameworks of red-garnet painted wood on white walls that transfer the popular origin of the Basque farmhouse structure to a bourgeois architecture that shows them as a decorative trend. This study delves into the history, place, and architecture of the house, comparing it to its origin, to understand how the settler, through architecture and symbols, felt closer to their roots. It is possible to delve into the history, observe the place, carry out a survey, classify and interpret a home, which, together with the analysis of its original architecture, allows it to be valued in a complete way so that it can be preserved. We can understand the territory of colonization through the deep analysis of its architecture. This knowledge of the past leads us to a learning process filled with symbolism, stories, and memory.

Heritage, Architecture, Colonization, Territory

APA Style

Karla Andrea Silva Poblete. (2023). Basque House in Araucanía-Chile: A Reflection from the Importation and Development of Its Regionalist Architecture. Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning, 8(2), 32-38. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.larp.20230802.11

ACS Style

Karla Andrea Silva Poblete. Basque House in Araucanía-Chile: A Reflection from the Importation and Development of Its Regionalist Architecture. Landsc. Archit. Reg. Plan. 2023, 8(2), 32-38. doi: 10.11648/j.larp.20230802.11

AMA Style

Karla Andrea Silva Poblete. Basque House in Araucanía-Chile: A Reflection from the Importation and Development of Its Regionalist Architecture. Landsc Archit Reg Plan. 2023;8(2):32-38. doi: 10.11648/j.larp.20230802.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Heidegger, M. (1975). Building, dwelling, thinking. Chile: Teoría, revistas.uchile.cl. N°5-6, p. 150.
2. Oyanguren, Pedro. (2007). Basques in Chile (1520-2005) – Ezuko Etxea de Santiago. San Sebastian, Spain: Eusko Ikaskuntza.
3. Camus, Argitxu. (2007) The North American Basque Organizations (NABO), Incorporated Ipar Amerikako Euskal Elkarteak 1973-2007. Spain: Servicio Central de Publicaciones del Gobierno Vasco.
4. Palazón, Salvador. (1992). Spanish emigration to Latin America during the first Francoism (1939-1959). Interruption and resumption of a traditional current. Spain: Anales de la Universidad de Alicante. Historia Contemporánea 8-9: 215-231.
5. Hernández, P. F., & Catalán, T. B. (2022). The construction of territory in presidential speeches: The republican occupation of La Frontera, Chile, 1883-1891. Cuadernos de Investigación Urbanística, (143), 63-78.
6. Duer, M. (2022). Coloniality in space, a review of spatial ordering in Araucanía, based on land enclosures in southern Chile.
7. Casals, María, et al. (2018). Araucanía: Nahuelbuta and Costa. Heritage tourism narratives. Santiago de Chile, Chile: Ediciones Universidad Central de Chile. Comité Editorial Facultad de Arquitectura, Urbanismo y Paisaje. Universidad Central de Chile.
8. National Statistics Institute. (2019). Cities, Towns, Villages, and Hamlets. Chile: National Statistics Institute.
9. Santana, Alberto, et al. (2001). The Architecture of the Basque Country Hamlet. History and typology. Spain: Servicio Central de Publicaciones del Gobierno Vasco. Dirección de Vivienda y Arquitectura.
10. Gómez Doliwa, I. (2023). Hamlets of Vizcaya. Image of popular Basque architecture. Retrieved from: https://oa.upm.es/72596/
11. Euskal Baserria: Basepolia. (2003). "Galeón" Geography and History Prize "IX San Viator Prize for research in science and humanities." Madrid, Spain: Colegio San Viator.
12. Bidart, Pierre. (2022). The neo-Basque style as an object of anthropological study. Neo-Basque Architecture. Auñamendi Eusko Entziklopedia. Spain. Retrieved from: https://aunamendi.eusko-ikaskuntza.eus/es/arquitectura-neo-vasca/ar-1138-37651/
13. Socio-demographic and economic indicators of the La Araucanía Region. Chile: Library of the National Congress. Access on June 13, 2022. Retrieved from: https://www.bcn.cl/siit/nuestropais/region9/indica.htm
14. Peña-Cortés, Fernando, et al. (2014). Geomorphological dynamics of the coast of La Araucanía. Santiago de Chile, Chile: Rev. geogr. Norte Gd. no. 58 Santiago set. 2014: 241-260. Retrieved from: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-34022014000200013&lng=es&nrm=iso
15. Valera, Sergi and Enric Pol. (1994). The concept of urban social identity: an approach between social psychology and environmental psychology. Barcelona, Spain: Anuario de psicología/The UB Journal of psychology, 5-24.
16. Salmerón, Juan and Rafael García. (2020). The bearable lightness of limit in late 20th-century architecture: analysis of four cases. Colombia: Cuadernos de Música, Artes Visuales y Artes Escénicas 15 (2): 34-53. Retrieved from: http://doi.org/10.11144/javeriana.mavae15-2.lsld
17. Negrette, Á. S. (2022). From Baroque to Neoclassical. Cuadernos del Centro de Estudios Históricos, Arquitectónicos y Urbanos, (1), 28-39.
18. Figure taken from: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Villa_Arnaga_(Pyr%C3%A9n%C3%A9es_Atlantiques).jpg.
19. Alonso, J. S. J. (2022). Leonardo Rucabado: Architecture and Graphics. EGA Expresión Gráfica Arquitectónica, 27 (45), 280-311.
20. Ortiz, V. (2022). Mitla: memory, architecture, identity. Archipiélago. Cultural Journal of Our America, 29 (116), 62-65.
21. Millanao, Ana, et al. (2021). Mapuche Language Dictionary. Chile: Coordination Unit of Indigenous Affairs, Ministry of Social Development and Family. Fund for culture and education. Santiago de Chile. Retrieved from: http://www.conadi.gob.cl/storage/docs/Diccionario_mapudungun.pdf